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English Victorian Literature . The English novel came of age in the Victorian period. There had been a decline in novel writing at the beginning of the century, partly because fiction had turned to horror and crude emotionalism and partly because of religious and moral objections to the reading of novels.   Even Sir Walter Scott, at first, considered the craft of the novelist degrading and kept his authorship a secret. In the Victorian period, however, these attitudes toward the novel were to change. With the rise of the popular magazine, authors began to experiment with serialized fiction. Soon they were writing novels. Such was the beginning of Dickens' 'Sketches by Boz' (1836) and of Thackeray's 'The Yellowplush Correspondence' (1837-38).   During this period, the poets shifted from the extremely personal expression (or subjectivism) of the Romantic writers to an objective surveying of the problems of human life. The poems of Tennyson, Browning, and Arnold especially reflect this change. Much Victorian poetry was put to the service of society.  

la027.jpg (26908 bytes)CHARLES DICKENS- CDV. Carte de visite photograph.(4"x 2 1/2"). No photographer's imprint (though from the 1867 Gurney sitting). Mount trimmed and corners rounded,o/w vg condition. (LA.27) $125. 

la003.jpg (11743 bytes)A.C. SWINBURNE-CDV. Carte de visite photograph. (4"x 2 1/2") Bust view of the author.Elliott & Fry, London backmark.  Facsimile autograph on mount . F. cond (LA.03).  $SOLD
Algernon Charles Swinburne  (1837-1909). Into the midst of staid Victorian England burst a young man with new ideas and new poems. His ideas defied the conventions of his time, but his poems contained a wealth of language and enchanting melodies.

la005.jpg (17427 bytes)GEORGE MACDONALD - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2") Bust profile view . Facsimile autograph on mount. Sarony, N.Y. imprint   Great clarity and contrast, F. cond (LA.05) $125.
George Macdonald (1824-1905), Scottish novelist and poet, studied for ministry; wrote chiefly of Scotland and its people, and best remembered for allegorical fairy tales  (“At the Back of the North Wind”).  

la009.jpg (15602 bytes)CHARLES KINGSLEY - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2") Waist up view. Warren's, Boston imprint.  Strong clarity and contrast, F. cond (LA.09). $95.
Charles Kingsley (1819-75). In his own lifetime the clergyman Charles Kingsley was known chiefly as a social reformer. Today he is beloved by children for his delightful fairy story 'The Water-Babies.

la006.jpg (10800 bytes)ALFRED TENNYSON - CDV. Carte de visite photograph.(4"x 2 1 /2"). Waist up view of the poet. London Stereoscopic Co., London backmark. View from life, G. (LA.06) $65.
Alfred Tennyson (1809-92). In the last half of the 19th century Alfred Tennyson was considered England's greatest poet. Tennyson was named poet laureate in 1850. In 1883 Tennyson reluctantly accepted a barony offered by Prime Minister William Gladstone, and he assumed the title lord. He was the first English writer to win so high a title for his work alone.

la030.jpg (34337 bytes)ANTHONY TROLLOPE- CDV. Carte de visite photograph.(4"x 2 1 /2"). Waist up view of the poet. Elliot & Fry, London backmark. Corners clipped, o/w Fine cond. (LA.30) $95.

Anthony Trollope (24 April 1815 – 6 December 1882) was one of the most successful, prolific and respected English novelists of the Victorian era. Some of his best-loved works, collectively known as the Chronicles of Barsetshire. He also wrote penetrating novels on political, social, and gender issues, and on other topical conflicts of his day.



19thc. American Literature It was one thing for writers to want to create a native American literature; it was quite another thing to know how to do it. For 50 years after the founding of the nation, authors patterned their work after the writings of Englishmen. William Cullen Bryant was known as the American Wordsworth; Washington Irving's essays resemble those of Addison and Steele; James Fenimore Cooper wrote novels like those of Scott. Although the form and style of these Americans were English, the content--character and especially setting--was American. Every American region was described by at least one prominent writer. The middle of the 19th century saw the beginning of a truly independent American literature. This period, especially the years 1850-55, has been called the American Renaissance.   More masterpieces were written at this time than in any other equal span of years in American history. New England was the center of intellectual activity in these years, and Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-82) was the most prominent writer. The post Civil War years seemed better suited to prose than to verse, and the regional story or novel became popular.  

cdv026.jpg (36902 bytes)WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2") Bust view. Sarony, N.Y. imprint, w/ 1873 copyright.  Strong clarity and contrast, F. cond. Watermarked on scan, not on original.   (Cdv26.12) $95. 

William Cullen Bryant (1794-1878). He The beauties of New England's hills and forests were sung by Bryant. 'Thanatopsis' (1817) and 'A Forest Hymn' (1825) shows a reverence for nature.  

la028.jpg (23310 bytes)RALPH WALDO EMERSON - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4" x 2 3/8"). Seated view. No imprint. Name imprinted on bottom of mount. Though possibly a contemporary pirate view, retains VG clarity and contrast, F. cond (LA.28) $100.





la013.jpg (32644 bytes)RALPH WALDO EMERSON - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4" x 2 3/8"). Warren's boston imprint.  Fine. cond (LA.13) $120.


Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-82) began his career as a clergyman. He came to feel, however, that he could better do his work outside the church. Thus he became an independent essayist and lecturer, a lay preacher to Americans. He preached one message--that the individual human being, because he is God's creature, has a spark of divinity in him which gives him great power.

la020.jpg (15368 bytes)NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph. (4 1/4"x 2 1 /2"). Warren's, Boston backmark. Fine condition, clarity and contrast. (LA.20) SOLD. 
Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-64). Although his friends included a number of noted transcendentalists--such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Bronson Alcott--Nathaniel Hawthorne's works show little of the optimism and self-confidence that marked transcendentalism. Instead, he preferred themes drawn more from a Puritan preoccupation with guilt and the natural depravity of humans. 

la011.jpg (19035 bytes)HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2") Waist up view. No imprint. Image to edges of mount (trimmed from a larger cabinet card?)  Strong clarity and contrast, VG cond (LA.11) $120.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-82). Was the favorite American poet in the 19th century was He was a storyteller in verse. 'The Courtship of Miles Standish' (1858), 'Evangeline' (1847), and 'The Song of Hiawatha' (1855) use native incident and character. Longfellow was trying to give the United States legends like those of Europe. 

la025.jpg (14736 bytes)JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2"). Warren's, Boston backmark. Fine condition, clarity and contrast. (LA.25) $75.pending
John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-92), Nearly as popular as Longfellow, Whittier was the author of such well-known ballads as 'Barbara Frietchie' (1863). Whittier was a Quaker and thus a foe of slavery, which he attacked in both verse and prose.

la037.jpg (32620 bytes)JOSH BILLINGS. Carte de visite (cdv)photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2").Gurney & Son, NY Photographer's  imprint. Very good clarity and contrast,  overall Fine. cond (LA.37) $95

Josh Billings was the pen name of 19th century American humorist Henry Wheeler Shaw (21 April 1818 – 14 October 1885). He was perhaps the second most famous humor writer and lecturer in the United States in the second half of the 19th century after Mark Twain, although his reputation has not endured so well with later generations.

"There may come a time when the lion and the lamb will lie down together, but I am still betting on the lion".



cc033.jpg (79984 bytes)EDGAR WILSON "BILL" NYE . Cabinet card photograph.(6 1/2" x4 1/4"). Rookwood, NY photographer's  imprint. Vintage pen id on affixed paper on back. Very good clarity and contrast,  overall Fine. cond. Watermark on scan, not on original. (CC.33) $95

Edgar Wilson "Bill" Nye (August 25, 1850 – February 22, 1896) was a distinguished American journalist, who later became widely known as a humorist. He was also the founder and editor of the Laramie Boomerang.


la035.jpg (271176 bytes)SIGNED EDWARD EVERETT HALE. Cabinet card photograph, 6 1/2" x 4 1/4". Rockwood, NY imprint. Signed in pen on mount below image. Beautiful strong tones, contrast and clarity. (La.35); $400.







la036.jpg (39073 bytes)EDWARD EVERETT HALE. Carte de visite (cdv) photograph,  4 1/4" x 2 1/2". Warren's , Boston, Mass imprint. Aesthetic pose, vg contrast and clarity. Front is Fine + cond, back has some remnants of past mounting, and later stamp for Culver Service (they were a graphic archive for publications) of  (La.36); $85.




Hale, Edward Everett (1822-1909), American writer and clergyman, born in Boston, and educated at Harvard University. . Hale is known for his abolitionist sympathies during the period immediately preceding the American Civil War; his best-known work, the patriotic short story “The Man Without a Country” (1863), is believed to have encouraged supporters of the Union cause. Hale wrote almost 70 books, including the novels Ten Times One Is Ten (1870), which led to the formation of many charitable organizations, and If Jesus Came to Boston (1894), an attempt, in fiction, to reconcile religion with rapidly changing social conditions. From 1903 until his death he served as chaplain of the U.S. Senate.

la029.jpg (13414 bytes)JAMES BAYARD TAYLOR - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/8"x 2 1 /2").  Fine condition, clarity and contrast. (LA.29) $85.






la056.jpg (43624 bytes)JAMES BAYARD TAYLOR - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/8"x 2 1 /2"). Anthony from Brady negative backmark Fine condition, clarity and contrast. (LA.565) $85.

James Bayard Taylor
(1825-78), U.S. translator, traveler, and poet, born in Kennett Square, Pa.; ('Poems of Home and Travel'; 'Views Afoot'; translation of 'Faust)

la016.jpg (13897 bytes)JOHN SAXE - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2"). Sarony, N.Y. imprint. Fine condition, clarity and contrast. (LA.16) $65.




la034.jpg (15729 bytes)JAMES THOMAS FIELDS - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2"). Warren's, Boston photographer's backmark. Fine condition. (LA.34) $90.
James Thomas Fields  (1817-81), U.S. publisher, author, and lecturer, born in Portsmouth, N.H.; editor of Atlantic Monthly, 1862-70 ('Underbrush'; 'Yesterdays with Authors').

la018.jpg (15820 bytes)JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2"). Sarony, N.Y.  imprint. Pencil id on mount, o/w VG+ condition. (LA.18) $85.
 James Russell Lowell (1819-91)  This wellborn Bostonian was versatile. He was editor of the Atlantic Monthly, a professor at Harvard, United States minister to Spain and then to England, a literary critic, and a poet. 

la021.jpg (44089 bytes)BENSON LOSSING- SIGNED CDV. Carte de visite, 4" x 2 1/2" view of Benson Lossing, with pen inscription on back " To Mrs. C.C. Lawler (?) with the compliments of her friend Benson Lossing  March 1864".   Gullman, Pourgheepsie, NY photographer's imprint.Very minor surface scratch in image (along the tie area), corners clipped, o/w fine. ( La. 021); $300.
Benson John Lossing (1813-1891) was a prolific and popular American historian, known best for his illustrated books on the American Revolution and American Civil War and features in Harper's Magazine. He was a Charter Trustee of Vassar College.



la015.jpg (37796 bytes)GEORGE  WILLIAM CURTIS- CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2").  C.D. Fredricks & Co. NY photographer's backmark. Some signs of use, overall Fine condition. (LA.16) $75.






la026.jpg (27296 bytes)GEORGE  WILLIAM CURTIS - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 "x 2 1 /2"). Bogardus, NY photographer's backmark. Mount trimmed , o/w Fine condition. (LA.26) $45.





George William Curtis (February 24, 1824 – August 31, 1892) was an American writer and public speaker. In 1863 he became the political editor of Harper's Weekly, which was highly influential in shaping public opinion.

la019.jpg (46092 bytes)CHARLES DANA - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2"). Mora, NYphotographer's backmark. Fine condition. (LA.19) $75.


Charles Anderson Dana (August 8, 1819 – October 17, 1897) was an American journalist, author, and government official,

la039.jpg (31930 bytes)WILLIAM HOWARD RUSSELL - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2"). Fredricks, NY photographer's backmark. Fine condition. (LA.39) $90.

William Howard Russell (28 March 1820 - 11 February 1907) was an Irish reporter with The Times, and is considered to have been one of the first modern war correspondents, after he spent 22 months covering the Crimean War including the Charge of the Light Brigade.In 1861 Russell went to Washington. In July 1865 Russell sailed on the Great Eastern to document the laying of the Atlantic Cable, and wrote a book about the voyage

la040.jpg (35335 bytes)LOUIS J. JENNINGS - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2"). Gurney, NYphotographer's backmark. Fine condition. (LA.40) $45.

Louis John Jennings (12 May 1836 - 9 February 1893) was an English journalist and Conservative politician. He joined The Times (London) newspaper and between 1863 and 1868 was their special correspondent in India and the USA. He then joined the New York Times of which he became editor. As editor he was responsible for the exposure of the Tweed Ring

la014.jpg (35542 bytes)WHITLAW REID - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2"). Gurney, NY photographer's backmark.  Fine condition. (LA.14) $45.HOLD

Whitelaw Reid (October 27, 1837 – December 15, 1912) was a politician and newspaper editor, as well as the author of a popular history of Ohio in the Civil War.He was the longtime editor of the New York Tribune and close friend of Horace Greeley. He was a leader of the Liberal Republican movement in 1872.

la038.jpg (31276 bytes)JAMES GORDON BENNETT - CDV.  Carte de visite photograph.(4 1/4"x 2 1 /2"). E. Anthony from Brady negative backmark.  Fine condition. (LA.38) $95.

James Gordon Bennett, Sr. (1 September 1795 – 1 June 1872) was the founder, editor and publisher of the New York Herald and a major figure in the history of American newspapers.



cc034.jpg (89050 bytes)AUGUSTA EVANS WILSON Cabinet card photograph.(6 1/2" x 4 1/4"). Reed & Wallace Mobile Ala photographer's imprint. though it appears to be from a artwork, or heavily retouched negative, a very scarce image. Exhibits some use and wear, overall VG condition. Watermark on scan only. (CC.34) $150. Presently also listed on ebay. 

Augusta Jane Wilson, or Augusta Evans Wilson, (May 8, 1835 – May 9, 1909) was an American Southern author and one of the pillars of Southern literature. She wrote nine novels: Inez (1850), Beulah (1859), Macaria (1863), St. Elmo (1866), Vashti (1869), Infelice (1875), At the Mercy of Tiberius (1887), A Speckled Bird (1902), and Devota (1907). Given her support for the Confederate States of America from the perspective of a Southern patriot, and her literary activities during the American Civil War, she can be deemed as having contributed decisively to the literary and cultural development of the Confederacy in particular, and of the South in general, as a civilization. She was inducted into the Alabama Women's Hall of Fame in 1977.

la054.jpg (42835 bytes)PETER PARLEY. CDV . 3 3/4" 2 1/2". E.& H.T. Anthony from Brady negative backmark. . Scarcer author, mount trimmed , o/w VG. (La54); $55.

Samuel Griswold Goodrich (August 19, 1793 – May 9, 1860) was an American author, better known under the pseudonym Peter Parley. His greatest success was achieved in compiling books for children, -- designed to convey instruction in natural history, travels, biography, and various branches of science and art, by simply-written narratives and anecdotes, copiously illustrated by engravings. He wrote as "Peter Parley" telling stories to children, and for many years the series of works thus published, extending to over forty volumes, had an enormous circulation, both in this country and abroad. They introduced a class of books which have since become universal.

la050.jpg (46628 bytes)N.P. WILLIS.  CDV . 4" 2 1/2". E.& H.T. Anthony from Brady negative backmark. . Overall Fine ondition. (La.50); $75.

Nathaniel Parker Willis (January 20, 1806 – January 20, 1867), also known as N. P. Willis, was an American author, poet and editor who worked with several notable American writers including Edgar Allan Poe and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. He became the highest-paid magazine writer of his day. For a time, he was the employer of former slave and future writer Harriet Jacobs. 


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